Intrauterine Insemination, usually called as IUI, is a type of artificial insemination that is a procedure carried out for treating infertility. Already washed and concentrated sperm are directly inserted into the uterus during the time of egg releases from the ovary. The expected outcome of this treatment is for the sperm to swim into the fallopian tube and fertilize the egg that is already waiting, which results in a normal pregnancy. IUI can be coordinated either with normal cycle or fertility medications depending on the reasons for infertility.
What Are The Reasons For Doing IUI Treatment?
A couple’s ability to become pregnant depends on various factors. IUI treatment is mainly used in couples who have the following.
Unexplained Infertility: IUI is usually performed as the first treatment for unexplained infertility along with ovulation-inducing medications.
Donor Sperm: IUI is most commonly used to achieve pregnancy for women who need to use donor sperm to get pregnant. Frozen donor sperm specimens are generally taken from certified labs and thawed before the IUI procedure.
Endometriosis-Related Infertility: For infertility related to endometriosis, taking medications to obtain a good quality egg and also performing IUI is often the first approach to treatment.
Mild Male Factor Infertility (Subfertility): The male partner’s semen analysis is one of the first steps in the medical assessment of infertility. The test result may show below-average sperm concentration, abnormalities in sperm size and shape (morphology), or weak movement (motility) of sperm. Intrauterine Insemination can overcome some of these problems because preparing sperm for the procedure helps to separate highly motile, healthy sperm from those of lower quality.
Cervical Factor Infertility: The cervix that is located at the lower end of the uterus, provides the opening between the vagina and uterus. Mucus produced by the cervix during the time of ovulation provides a feasible environment for sperm to travel from the vagina to the fallopian tubes. But, if the cervical mucus is too thick, it may interrupt or delay the sperm’s journey. IUI bypasses the cervix and deposits the sperm directly into the uterus and increases the number of sperm available to meet the already waiting egg.
Semen Allergy: Rarely, a woman could have an allergy to some proteins in her partner’s semen. Ejaculation into the vagina may cause burning, redness, and swelling on the skin where it comes in contact with the semen. The male partner wearing a condom can protect the female partner from the symptoms, but it also prevents pregnancy. If the sensitivity is severe, IUI treatment can be effective since many of the semen proteins are removed before the sperm inserting the sperm. You can look up iui pregnancy in Chennai to find the best clinic for an effective treatment.
What Are The Risks Involved in IUI Treatment?
Intrauterine insemination is comparatively a simple and safe procedure, and IUI success rate in Chennai is considerably good. Additionally, the risk of facing serious complications is low. The risks involved are:
Infection: There is a slight chance of an infection getting developed as a result of the procedure.
Spotting: Sometimes the process of inserting the catheter in the uterus causes a small amount of vaginal bleeding. However, spotting does not generally have an effect on the chance of a woman getting pregnant.
Multiple Pregnancy: IUI is not associated with a high risk of multiple pregnancies, that is, twins, triplets or more. But, when the treatment is coordinated with ovulation-inducing medications, the risk of multiple pregnancies significantly increases. Multiple pregnancies have more significant risks than is a single pregnancy, early labor, and low birth weight.